Most of the web and app development companies have been utilizing various technologies to build an optimized and efficient stack for app development. A stack is a combination of multiple technologies and programming languages or a combination of different software tools. The main motto to choose these sets of tools, technologies, and frameworks is to develop a fully-functional application.
MERN stack is one of the most potent and popular stacks to develop web applications. The other accessible technology stack is MEAN, The only difference between MERN and MEAN: MERN uses ReactJS for front-end development; on the other hand, MEAN uses AngularJS for the front-end development. For now, let us, deep-dive into MERN stack development.
MERN Stack Components
It’s a document-oriented, NoSQL database used by your back-end application to store the application data.
ExpressJS is the web application framework for NodeJS, another component in the MERN stack. ExpressJS simplifies the task of writing code instead of writing the webserver code on NodeJS by hand; there’s no need to write the code multiple times as you do it with the NodeJS HTTP module
The ExpressJS helps to create robust web applications and APIs with its full potential. Express is known for its speed and minimal structure. One can take advantage of the features available as plugins.
React is the only component that defines the MERN stack from MEAN stack, as MEAN and MERN both use similar components except MEAN uses Angular for front-end and MERN uses React for front-end app development.
Many successful companies use ReactJS for their application development like:
Autochat.io – A Conversational Customer Engagement Software
Uber – Ride-hailing Company
Dropbox – File Hosting Service
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Benefits of MERN Stack
- MERN development process is smoother, because of the MVC(Model View Controller) architecture support.
- Popular, open-source and widely used stack, you can find solutions and support from the vast community.
- MERN stack development covers all the aspects of web application development, i.e., from front-end development (client-side) to back-end development (server-side)
- Pre-built extensive suite tools are available for testing.
MERN is considered a simple, smooth, and efficient stack. However, there is only one drawback to MERN, that is scaling. React is a library, whereas Angular is a framework. When it comes to vast applications, we require third-party libraries to function smoothly. As a library, React holds back from Angular. As a framework, Angular can easily attach third-party libraries efficiently.
The above write-up explains clearly about the MERN stack, Its components, benefits, and drawbacks so that you can clearly understand every aspect of the MERN stack when it comes to web app development. MERN is the trending stack for web development with many benefits. MERN stack development will highly be benefited when it comes to building small to mid-sized apps. When it comes to large enterprise applications, the MEAN stack is the way to go.