Python and Java, both popular programming languages, have distinct differences. Python is the fourth most used language known for its simplicity, making it ideal for beginners, rapid experiments, and automating processes. Java, the second most used, is often utilized for developing finished products. The main difference lies in Java’s use of static types while Python is dynamic. Although Java performs faster due to its just-in-time compilation, the versatility and accessibility of Python often overshadow its shortcomings. The choice between both largely depends on the development team’s specific project needs and preferences.